Cochrane features en

Fortification of salt with iron and iodine compared to salt fortified with iodine only for improving iron and iodine status

3 months 3 weeks ago
Fortification of salt with iron and iodine compared to salt fortified with iodine only for improving iron and iodine status Key messages Compared to iodised salt, double-fortified salt (salt fortified with iron and iodine) may improve some measures of iron and iodine nutrition, such as haemoglobin (i.e. the substance that gives red blood cells their colour) concentrations and body iron stores. However, it may reduce urinary iodine concentration and may make little or no difference to ferritin (i.e. iron-storage protein) concentrations and transferrin receptor (i.e. protein that affects the...

Can mindfulness help people to stop smoking?

4 months ago
Can mindfulness help people to stop smoking? Key messages - There is currently no clear evidence that mindfulness-based treatments help people to stop smoking or improve their mental health and well-being. - However, our confidence in the evidence is low or very low, and further evidence is likely to change our conclusions. What is mindfulness? Mindfulness involves focusing attention on your thoughts and feelings and observing them without judgment as they arise and pass away. Mindfulness is believed to help people better control their thoughts and feelings, rather than be controlled by...

Adenoidectomy for otitis media with effusion (OME) in children

4 months ago
Adenoidectomy for otitis media with effusion (OME) in children This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of adenoidectomy, either alone or in combination with ventilation tubes (grommets), for otitis media with effusion (OME) in children. This is a protocol....

Antibiotics for acute pyelonephritis in adults

4 months ago
Antibiotics for acute pyelonephritis in adults This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: This review aims to look at the benefits and harms of antibiotics used in the treatment of acute pyelonephritis in adults. The aspects of treatment that will be evaluated are: Different routes of administration; Different durations of the same antibiotic; and Comparison of different antibiotic agents in the same population. This is a protocol....

Nirmatrelvir combined with ritonavir for preventing and treating COVID-19

4 months ago
Nirmatrelvir combined with ritonavir for preventing and treating COVID-19 This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the efficacy and safety of nirmatrelvir/ritonavir (Paxlovid®) plus standard of care compared to standard of care with or without placebo, or any other proven intervention for treating COVID-19 and for preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection. This is a protocol....

How accurate are remote, virtual assessments at diagnosing dementia?

4 months ago
How accurate are remote, virtual assessments at diagnosing dementia? Why is this question important? Dementia is a chronic and progressive condition that affects peoples' memory and ability to function day-to-day. A clinical diagnosis of dementia usually involves brain scans, physical examinations and history taking. As a first step, we often use memory and thinking tests to identify people who need further assessment. Traditionally these tests are performed in-person, but modifications of the tests allow them to be used over the telephone or via video calls – sometimes called 'remote...

Diclofenac for acute postoperative pain in children

4 months ago
Diclofenac for acute postoperative pain in children This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the efficacy and safety of diclofenac (any dose) for acute postoperative pain management in children compared with placebo, other active comparators, or diclofenac administered by either different routes (e.g. oral, rectal, etc.) or strategies (e.g. as needed versus as scheduled). This is a protocol....

Stereotactic body radiation therapy versus more fractionated radical radiotherapy for adults with stage I/II non-small cell lung cancer: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

4 months ago
Stereotactic body radiation therapy versus more fractionated radical radiotherapy for adults with stage I/II non-small cell lung cancer: a systematic review and network meta-analysis This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effectiveness and toxicity of different SBRT schedules (± additional treatments) in comparison with various more fractionated radical radiotherapy schedules (± additional treatments) in controlling primary tumor and prolonging survival in people with early stage NSCLC, and to rank all the schedules based on...

Comparing narrow band imaging to regular cystoscopy for treatment of bladder cancer

4 months ago
Comparing narrow band imaging to regular cystoscopy for treatment of bladder cancer Review question How does a resection of bladder tissues guided by a special visualization method called narrow band imaging compare to a resection of bladder tissues guided by the standard visualization method (using white light) in people with tumors in their inner bladder wall? Background When people are suspected to have bladder cancer or have been diagnosed with bladder cancer, their doctors need to inspect the bladder closely and remove tissues for further examination. The removal of tumorous tissues...

Remote, face-to-face, and group-based interventions for promoting strength training in healthy community-based adults

4 months ago
Remote, face-to-face, and group-based interventions for promoting strength training in healthy community-based adults This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: Primary objective To assess the benefits and harms of remote, face-to-face, and group-based interventions for promoting strength training on participation in healthy, community-based adults. Secondary objectives To assess how the method of intervention delivery (for example the delivering professional, face-to-face versus remote, group-based versus individual, supervised versus...

Prophylactic anticoagulants for non-hospitalised people with COVID-19

4 months 1 week ago
Prophylactic anticoagulants for non-hospitalised people with COVID-19 This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects of prophylactic anticoagulants versus active comparator, placebo or no intervention, on mortality and occurrence of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in non-hospitalised people with COVID‐19. This is a protocol....

Psychological and social interventions for the promotion of mental health in people living in low- and middle-income countries affected by humanitarian crises

4 months 1 week ago
Psychological and social interventions for the promotion of mental health in people living in low- and middle-income countries affected by humanitarian crises This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the efficacy of psychosocial interventions aimed at promoting mental health versus control conditions (no intervention, intervention as usual, or waiting list) in people living in LMICs affected by humanitarian crises. This is a protocol....

The Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS) for the detection of dementia in a variety of healthcare settings

4 months 1 week ago
The Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS) for the detection of dementia in a variety of healthcare settings This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (diagnostic). The objectives are as follows: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of the Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS) for the detection of all-cause dementia or its subtypes (Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, and frontotemporal dementia) in primary and secondary healthcare settings, and in community-based epidemiological studies (for example, in a cross-sectional prevalence...

Adults' views and experiences of vaccines developed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative evidence synthesis

4 months 1 week ago
Adults' views and experiences of vaccines developed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative evidence synthesis This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (qualitative). The objectives are as follows: Objectives The objective of this review is to identify, appraise and synthesise qualitative studies that explored adults’ views and experiences towards vaccination in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. A secondary objective is to compare this evidence with qualitative evidence that explores people’s perspectives of vaccines developed in response to Ebola, Hong Kong flu and...

Control interventions in randomised trials for people with a mental health disorder

4 months 1 week ago
Control interventions in randomised trials for people with a mental health disorder This systematic review assesses the effects of different control interventions in randomised trials including patients with a mental health disorder. In randomised trials, patients are assigned by chance to one of two or more groups – usually an experimental intervention and a control intervention. There are many types of control interventions in mental health intervention research. Some of the most common are different types of placebos that lack what is assumed to be the active component in the experimental...

Prophylactic cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor drugs to prevent morbidity and mortality in preterm infants

4 months 1 week ago
Prophylactic cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor drugs to prevent morbidity and mortality in preterm infants Review question Among the available cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor (COX-I) drugs (indomethacin, ibuprofen, acetaminophen), which one is the safest and most effective in preventing death and poor outcomes in preterm infants when given prophylactically without the prior knowledge of the presence of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) within the first 72 hours after birth? Background A PDA is a common complication in preterm or low-birth weight infants. PDA is an open vascular channel between the lungs...

Are patient outcomes superior after endovascular or open surgical repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms?

4 months 1 week ago
Are patient outcomes superior after endovascular or open surgical repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms? Background A thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) is a widening or swelling of a blood vessel 50% greater than the original vessel diameter, affecting the thoracic and abdominal aorta simultaneously. A TAAA greater than 6.0 cm to 6.5 cm in diameter (depending on the gender of the patient, or the presence of an underlying inherited weakness in the aortic wall), or a TAAA expanding faster than 1 cm per year, is regarded as a life-threatening condition if left untreated, and...
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23 hours 52 minutes ago
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