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Cervical stitch (cerclage) in combination with other treatments for preventing premature or early birth of single babies

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 21:01
We assessed randomised controlled trial evidence on the effects of cervical stitch in combination with other treatments for prolonging pregnancy in women who were at high risk of pregnancy loss and were carrying a single baby. Additional treatments were used in the same time period as when the

Motor imagery for gait rehabilitation

Thu, 09/24/2020 - 15:01
Review question Is motor imagery (MI) an effective approach to improve gait (walking ability) in people following stroke? Background Post-stroke gait disability affects independence, mobility, activities of daily living, and participation in community activities. MI is a type of therapy that uses

Means restriction to prevent suicide on roads

Wed, 09/23/2020 - 13:01
Why is this review important? Road traffic suicides are difficult to distinguish from motor vehicle crash fatalities and, therefore, no official figures exist for this method of suicide. Limiting access to lethal methods used for suicide (called means restriction) is an important universal or

Presurgery exercise-based conditioning interventions (prehabilitation) in adults with peripheral arterial disease, having leg surgery

Wed, 09/23/2020 - 09:01
Background Lower limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a type of cardiovascular disease where the blood vessels that carry the blood to the legs are hardened and narrowed. Its most severe state (critical limb ischaemia (CLI)), results in symptoms of pain when resting, non-healing wounds and

Alcohol intake reduction for controlling hypertension

Tue, 09/22/2020 - 11:01
Review question We evaluated whether an intervention to reduce alcohol intake has a greater impact than other kinds of interventions (or no intervention at all) in reducing blood pressure in people with high blood pressure and alcohol consumption. Background High blood pressure is associated with

Medication to prevent infection of the eye in newborns

Tue, 09/22/2020 - 00:01
What was the aim of the review? The aim of this Cochrane Review was to determine if any medication is better than placebo or no preventive action in preventing ophthalmia neonatorum. Cochrane Review authors collected and analysed all relevant studies to answer this question and found 30 studies. 

What are the benefits and risks of healthcare workers using antimicrobial mouthwashes or nasal sprays to protect themselves when they treat people with COVID-19?

Wed, 09/16/2020 - 17:01
Why is this question important? COVID‐19 is an infectious disease caused by the SARS‐CoV‐2 virus. Most people infected with COVID-19 develop a mild to moderate respiratory illness, and some may have no symptoms (asymptomatic infection). Others experience severe symptoms and need specialist

What are the benefits and risks of people with COVID-19 using antimicrobial mouthwashes or nasal sprays to improve their health and protect healthcare workers who treat them?

Wed, 09/16/2020 - 17:01
Why is this question important? COVID‐19 is an infectious disease caused by the SARS‐CoV‐2 virus. Most people infected with COVID-19 develop a mild to moderate respiratory illness, and some may have no symptoms (asymptomatic infection). Others experience severe symptoms and need specialist

Does the use of antimicrobial mouthwash or nasal spray by people who are not actively suspected of having COVID-19- or by their healthcare workers- protect their healthcare workers when they undertake 'aerosol-generating procedures' on them?

Wed, 09/16/2020 - 17:01
Why is this question important? COVID‐19 is an infectious disease caused by the SARS‐CoV‐2 virus. Most people infected with COVID-19 develop a mild to moderate respiratory illness, and some may have no symptoms (asymptomatic infection). Others experience severe symptoms and need specialist

Can travel-related control measures contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic?

Wed, 09/16/2020 - 11:01
What are travel-related control measures? To contain the spread of COVID-19, numerous countries have implemented control measures related to international travel. These include: · complete closure of borders (i.e. a total ban on any border crossings); · partial travel restrictions (e.g.

How effective is screening for COVID-19?

Tue, 09/15/2020 - 14:01
Why does screening matter? Screening aims to identify a condition in people who may not be showing any symptoms. Some people may have the COVID-19 virus but appear healthy or have only mild symptoms. It is important to identify infected people so they can stay away from others and seek appropriate

Which oral or injected medicines work best to treat moderate to severe eczema?

Mon, 09/14/2020 - 22:01
Why this question is important Eczema is a persistent condition that causes dry, cracked, and itchy skin. People with mild eczema have small patches of dry skin, and people with moderate eczema have larger, redder, or swollen areas of skin. People with severe eczema have red crusts and broken skin

Benefits and risks of ear cleaning for people with chronic suppurative otitis media (persistent or recurring ear infection with discharge of pus)

Mon, 09/14/2020 - 12:01
Why this is important Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), also known as chronic otitis media (COM), is an inflammation and infection of the middle ear that lasts for two weeks or more. People with CSOM usually experience recurrent or persistent ear discharge – pus that leaks out from a hole in

Benefits and risks of combining antibiotics and steroids as drops, sprays, ointments or creams to treat chronic suppurative otitis media (persistent or recurring ear infection with discharge)

Fri, 09/11/2020 - 13:01
Why this is important Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is an inflammation and infection of the middle ear that lasts for two weeks or more. People with CSOM usually experience recurrent or persistent ear discharge – pus that leaks out from a hole in the eardrum – and hearing loss. CSOM is

Does a tax on the fat content of foods reduce obesity and help people to eat less fat and less saturated fat?

Fri, 09/11/2020 - 03:01
What is obesity? Body mass index (BMI) is usually a useful measure to show whether people are a healthy weight for their height. A BMI of 18 to 25 shows a healthy weight, a BMI over 25 is considered overweight, and a BMI over 30 shows obesity. Obesity is generally caused by consuming more energy

Intrauterine progesterone-releasing system for treatment of endometrial hyperplasia

Thu, 09/10/2020 - 12:01
Review question Researchers in Cochrane reviewed the evidence about the effectiveness and safety of the levonorgestrel-intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) compared with other forms of treatment in women with endometrial hyperplasia. Background Endometrial hyperplasia (EH) is a thickening (or overgrowth)

How effective are initiatives that aim to speed up the diagnosis of brain tumours?

Wed, 09/09/2020 - 12:01
Why this question is important A brain tumour is a group of cells in the brain that develop in an abnormal and uncontrollable way. There are two main types of brain tumour:- Non-cancerous (benign) brain tumours: these grow slowly and do not spread throughout the body.- Cancerous (malignant) brain

Do education and training programs reduce aggressive behavior toward healthcare workers?

Tue, 09/08/2020 - 19:01
What is aggressive behavior? The International Labour Organization uses the term "workplace violence" defined as "any action, incident or behaviour that departures from reasonable conduct in which a person is threatened, harmed, injured in the course of, or as a direct result of, his

Do psychological and social interventions prevent mental health disorders in low- and middle-income countries affected by humanitarian crises?

Tue, 09/08/2020 - 15:01
Mental health during a humanitarian crisis A humanitarian crisis is an event, or series of events, that threaten the health, safety, security or well-being of a community or large group of people, usually over a wide area. Examples include: wars, famine, and natural disasters such as earthquakes,

What are the benefits and risks of eye drops that widen the pupil as an additional treatment for inflammation after a blow to the eye?

Sun, 09/06/2020 - 06:01
Why this question is important Hospital emergency departments often treat people with eye injuries. There are two main types of eye injuries: • blunt trauma injuries, when an object or force strikes the eye. Common causes of blunt trauma to the eye include motor vehicle accidents, sports- or work

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