Cochrane features en

What are the benefits and risks of psychological therapies for adults and young people over 12 years old with painful temporomandibular disorders (TMDs)?

3 days 6 hours ago
What are the benefits and risks of psychological therapies for adults and young people over 12 years old with painful temporomandibular disorders (TMDs)? Key messages The overall results are mixed, but indicate that psychological therapies may be a useful approach for painful TMD as there is some limited evidence that they can reduce the pain. Our review suggests that they may do this at least as well as other available treatments. Any negative effects of psychological therapies are unclear, and more research is needed before we can know whether they provide a noticeable benefit while...

Are medicines that delay the start of labour (tocolytics) effective for delaying preterm birth?

4 days 6 hours ago
Are medicines that delay the start of labour (tocolytics) effective for delaying preterm birth? Key messages • All tocolytics (medicines that delay labour) that we assessed (betamimetics, calcium channel blockers, magnesium sulphate, oxytocin receptor antagonists, nitric oxide donors) and their combinations were probably or possibly effective in delaying preterm birth for 48 hours and for 7 days compared with placebo (a dummy treatment) or no tocolytic treatment, • Tocolytics cause a wide range of unwanted effects (from minor to potentially severe) compared with placebo or no tocolytic...

Does using low-sodium salt substitutes (LSSS) instead of regular salt reduce blood pressure and heart disease risks, and is it safe?

4 days 6 hours ago
Does using low-sodium salt substitutes (LSSS) instead of regular salt reduce blood pressure and heart disease risks, and is it safe? Key messages • In adults, using LSSS instead of regular salt in food probably lowers blood pressure slightly. Adults using LSSS instead of regular salt probably have a slightly lower risk of non-fatal heart conditions, such as stroke or a sudden reduced blood flow to the heart, and death from heart disease. • Using LSSS instead of regular salt probably also slightly increases the level of blood potassium (a mineral that keeps your heart beating at the right...

Behavioural family interventions versus structural family interventions for people with schizophrenia

5 days 6 hours ago
Behavioural family interventions versus structural family interventions for people with schizophrenia This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To examine the comparative efficacy and safety of behavioural versus structural family interventions for people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. This is a protocol....

Head impulse, nystagmus, and test of skew examination for diagnosing central causes of acute vestibular syndrome

5 days 6 hours ago
Head impulse, nystagmus, and test of skew examination for diagnosing central causes of acute vestibular syndrome This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (diagnostic). The objectives are as follows: The primary aim of this review will be to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the HINTS examination for identifying a central etiology for AVS. Secondary objectives Secondary objectives include assessing the diagnostic accuracy of HINTS amongst the following subgroups: specific providers (e.g. physicians, non-physicians) time from symptom onset to presentation (e.g. less than 24 hours, greater than...

Interventions for treating urinary incontinence in older women: a network meta-analysis

5 days 6 hours ago
Interventions for treating urinary incontinence in older women: a network meta-analysis This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To compare the different treatments (conservative, pharmacological, and surgical) in terms of cure or cure and improvement of urinary incontinence, and adverse events, in women aged 60 and over through a network meta-analysis, and ranking the numerous interventions within one treatment network. This is a protocol....

Low FODMAP diet for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome

5 days 6 hours ago
Low FODMAP diet for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects of the low FODMAP diet on global symptoms (defined by the overall IBS Symptom Severity Score) in adults with IBS. Secondary objectives include assessing the impact of the low FODMAP diet on individual symptoms (including pain, bloating, and bowel habit dissatisfaction) and overall quality of life, as well as assessing potential adverse effects. This is a protocol....

Breastfeeding in infants diagnosed with phenylketonuria

5 days 6 hours ago
Breastfeeding in infants diagnosed with phenylketonuria This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects of breastfeeding (exclusive or partial) compared to low-Phe formula feeding in the first six months after birth in infants diagnosed with PKU. This is a protocol....

Immunity in vulnerable groups after COVID-19 vaccination

5 days 6 hours ago
Immunity in vulnerable groups after COVID-19 vaccination What did we want to find out? We wanted to find out which studies on the most commonly used COVID-19 vaccines in vulnerable subgroups have been published, and which outcomes were reported (e.g. effectiveness outcomes, safety, or immune response), to decide on the most relevant questions and answer these in further effectiveness systematic reviews (syntheses of the medical literature). What did we do? We searched medical databases and trial registries for studies on COVID-19 vaccines that were authorised for use in the European Union...

Does stopping smoking make people with heart disease less likely to have another heart attack?

6 days 6 hours ago
Does stopping smoking make people with heart disease less likely to have another heart attack? Key messages • People with heart disease who stop smoking are likely to experience a decreased risk in future heart attacks or other events linked to the heart or blood vessels, such as stroke. • People with heart disease who stop smoking are unlikely to have worse quality of life. Smoking and heart disease Smoking increases the chances that a person will have a heart attack, however there is less information on whether stopping smoking can reduce the risk of having a second heart attack. Why we...

Minimally invasive treatments to dissolve blood clots in the lungs (acute pulmonary embolism)

6 days 6 hours ago
Minimally invasive treatments to dissolve blood clots in the lungs (acute pulmonary embolism) Background What is acute pulmonary embolism? Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) is a major cause of death and illness in people in hospital. APE occurs when a piece of blood clot (the embolus) breaks off from a blood clot elsewhere in the body (deep vein thrombosis) and travels in the blood to the lungs. The embolus gets stuck in the lung blood vessel(s), and the consequences range from no symptoms to sudden death. The risk of dying from APE can be classified by clinical assessment, along with...

Molnupiravir for treating COVID-19

6 days 6 hours ago
Molnupiravir for treating COVID-19 This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects of molnupiravir in people with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection and mild-to-moderate symptoms, with or without risk factors for severe disease. This is a protocol....

Hydrogel dressings for venous leg ulcers

1 week 2 days ago
Hydrogel dressings for venous leg ulcers Key messages We cannot be certain whether hydrogel dressings are any more effective for healing of venous leg ulcers than other types of dressing such as gauze and saline, alginate, manuka honey or hydrocolloid. There was not enough information to be sure how hydrogel dressings compare with other dressings in terms of potential side effects. What are venous leg ulcers? Venous leg ulcers are wounds or sores on the leg caused by alterations in the circulation of blood in the veins. They are hard-to-heal wounds. Venous leg ulcers may cause pain, itching...

Interventions to increase COVID-19 vaccine uptake 

1 week 4 days ago
Interventions to increase COVID-19 vaccine uptake Background Vaccines are effective in preventing death or severe illness from COVID-19, a disease for which few treatments are available. Widespread vaccination against COVID-19 may help protect those not yet able to get vaccinated. However, many people do not want to get vaccinated against COVID-19. This can put them at increased risk of severe disease and death. What was our aim? We wanted to find out which interventions to increase COVID-19 vaccine uptake have been or are currently evaluated. Methods We searched medical databases and trial...

Impact of computed tomography (CT) on lung cancer screening

1 week 4 days ago
Impact of computed tomography (CT) on lung cancer screening Background Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Lung cancer survival is significantly dependent on when a person is diagnosed with the disease. It is essential to detect the disease as early as possible by radiography (chest x-ray) or by computed tomography (CT) scan, which is a more detailed type of radiography where multiple images of the lung are taken. The aim of this review was to gather information on the use of CT scan to detect lung cancer earlier and to find out if early detection of lung...

Stem cell transplantation for the treatment of systemic sclerosis

2 weeks 2 days ago
Stem cell transplantation for the treatment of systemic sclerosis We conducted a review of the medical literature in February 2022to study the benefits and harms of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in people with systemic sclerosis (SSc). What is systemic sclerosis and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation? SSc is an autoimmune disease (where the body's natural defense system attacks normal cells) that affects the skin and internal organs (lungs, digestive system, etc.). Symptoms associated with SSc include thickening of the skin, shortness of breath, digestive symptoms, and...

Topical anti-inflammatory treatments for eczema: network meta-analysis

2 weeks 3 days ago
Topical anti-inflammatory treatments for eczema: network meta-analysis This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To compare the efficacy and safety of topical anti-inflammatory treatments for reducing eczema symptoms or signs or improving eczema-related quality of life in children and adults with eczema, by undertaking a network meta-analysis. To provide a clinically useful ranking of these treatments according to their efficacy and safety. This is a protocol....

What is the accuracy of different combinations of ultrasound imaging and blood tests to diagnose ovarian cancer in women before and after the menopause?

2 weeks 5 days ago
What is the accuracy of different combinations of ultrasound imaging and blood tests to diagnose ovarian cancer in women before and after the menopause? Why is improving the diagnosis of ovarian cancer important? Many women diagnosed with ovarian cancer (OC) die from the disease, because it has usually spread outside the tubes/ovaries at the time of diagnosis. Missing OC (a false-negative result) may need major surgery and a lower chance of survival. An incorrect diagnosis of OC (a false-positive result) may result in anxiety, unnecessary further tests and surgery. What did we aim to do? We...
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